All About Oud Instrument

A musical instrument with a large stomach, a brief and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards within the form of a circle. The body is hollow. In the midst of the front part called the chest, there are small cavities on the sides called “roses”.

Oud instrument (written as “ud” in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from “al-ud”. It’s not a native Turkish instrument but it has been played in Anatolia for at the least five centuries. Besides, in the history, the oud has been played by a number of civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are a number of types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an ideal place in Turkish Artwork Music, Turkish urban music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the paperwork and oral tradition as the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.

History of Oud

In some sources, it is said that Farabi invented the oud, but long earlier than Farabi, there are oud and comparable instruments in miniatures and reliefs. The principle reason why Farabi is perceived as an inventor is that he is a musician who has mastered the oud and the tuning system he brought to the oud. Farabi, who was one of those who gave the most complete information in regards to the oud in his interval, added the fifth string to the oud, which was a 4-string instrument until that time. Concerning the oud, Ibn Sina (980/1037) from Farabi says in his book Kitabu’ş Şifa that it is one of the most famous instruments. Tells technical information reminiscent of chords and pitches with figures. While musical devices have been mentioned within the Ikhwan-i Safa tracts within the 10th century, it was acknowledged that essentially the most beautiful of those was the oud.

The frets on the handle of the oud, preserved within the Farabi period, had been deserted towards the end of the tenth century. The oud was beforehand performed with a wooden plectrum. The well-known Andalusian musician Ziryab (11th century) changed it with a plectrum made of eagle feather. At the moment, plectrums made of versatile plastic are typically used.

The oud instrument made its way to Europe via Spain. Within the thirteenth century, the crusaders introduced it back to Europe, and in time, it became the lute. That’s why lute takes its name after the oud (‘le ut’ in old French), however it’s been added completely different options from oud, like frets.

The oud, additionally which grew to become the focus in the Ottoman palace in the fifteenth century, gained an irreplaceable worth that the general public started to use in classical Turkish music in the nineteenth century.

Oud instrument has a big soundbox connected to a brief neck. The instrument has a pear-shaped body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood ought to be light because the bowl is meant to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the entrance part of the body, contains one or , generally three sound holes. These sound holes may be oval or they can be ornamented relying on the lands they’re played on. There’s a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound hole in an effort to protect the belly from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is formed by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from sixteen to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.

The quality of the fabric used within the making of the oudis important. The more the fabric is numerous, the better it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.

The oud does not have any normal dimension or number of strings. Yet normally, all the types of ouds have 11 gut strings which are organized in five double-courses with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is performed with a plectrum. Its fretless neck allows the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones particular to the Center Eastern music. Oud instrument is suitable for you to enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by enjoying makams/maqamat.

Oudis played according to two schools of performance. The first is “Ottoman” school and it accepts as precept the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, according to which the amount is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This model requires one other kind of virtuosity.

There are essentially six types of oud when they’re considered according to their origin. These types of oud largely differ in their timbre and there are small dimension differences between them.

Arabic oud is probably the most known oud instrument type and possibly the preferred because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It’s heavier and slightly bigger comparing to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They have a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates plenty of overtones. Iraqi ouds can also be categorized under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the bottom of the instrument. Because of this function, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which can also be called Barbat is more distinct and due to its form, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.

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