All About Oud Instrument

A musical instrument with a big belly, a brief and curved handle, a beam and a plectrum. Its curved back is made of 19 or 21 boards in the form of a circle. The body is hollow. In the course of the front part called the chest, there are two small cavities on the sides called “roses”.

Oud instrument (written as “ud” in Turkish) is the ancestor of the European lute, name of which derives from “al-ud”. It’s not a local Turkish instrument but it has been played in Anatolia for no less than five centuries. Besides, within the history, the oud has been played by several civilizations in Central Asia, Mesopotamia, Iran, Arabia. Accordingly, there are a number of types of ouds besides Turkish oud. The oud instrument occupies an ideal place in Turkish Art Music, Turkish city music (in fasil orchestras) and in arabesk music. Oud has been known from the paperwork and oral tradition as the king, sultan or emir of musical instruments.

Oud instrument has a big soundbox related to a short neck. The instrument has a pear-formed body which is a deep, striped bowl made from lightweight wood. The wood should be light because the bowl is meant to reverberate when it is struck. The soundboard, the entrance part of the body, accommodates one or , sometimes three sound holes. These sound holes may be oval or they can be ornamented depending on the lands they’re played on. There is a piece of fish-skin or leather between the bridge and the sound hole so as to protect the stomach from the strokes of the plectrum. The bowl of the oud is formed by thin woods or ribs bent over a mold. The number of the ribs varies from sixteen to 21. The tuning pegs of the oud are screwed to the pegbox.

The quality of the fabric used within the making of the oudis important. The more the fabric is numerous, the better it sounds. A high-quality oud’s face is made from spruce. The tuning pegs and fingerboard are constructed from ebony. Maple, walnut, palisander and mahogany are used for the bowl.

The oud doesn’t have any standard size or number of strings. Yet basically, all the types of ouds have 11 intestine strings which can be organized in five double-courses with a sixth, single bass string. Oud is played with a plectrum. Its fretless neck allows the instrument to generate any intervals or microtones explicit to the Middle Japanese music. Oud instrument is suitable so that you can enjoy Turkish, Iran or Arab music by taking part in makams/maqamat.

Oudis played according to schools of performance. The primary is “Ottoman” school and it accepts as precept the ornamentation of the sound, produced by delicate glissandos or the fingers and slight vibratos. The second approach is Egyptian approach, in response to which the quantity is amplified by firm strokes of the plectrum, which makes strings resonate. This type requires one other kind of virtuosity.

There are essentially six types of oud when they’re considered according to their origin. These types of oud mostly differ in their timbre and there are small dimension differences between them.

Arabic oud is the most known oud instrument type and possibly the preferred because of its romantic, rich and deep sound. It’s heavier and slightly bigger comparing to Turkish ouds. Turkish ouds are employed in Turkey and Greece. They have a more treble sound. Syrian oud, which is a sub-type of Arabic oud generates numerous overtones. Iraqi ouds may be categorised under Arabic ouds. Its strings are tied to the underside of the instrument. Because of this characteristic, it is said that it has a floating bridge. Iranian oud, which is also called Barbat is more distinct and because of its form, it has a bass, deep, Persian sound.

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